As usual, Bill McKibben gets to the heart of the matter. We are all wringing our hands about the oil that is spewing into the Gulf, but wouldn’t have thought twice about burning that oil in our cars.
By Bill McKibben, Author, Deep Economy and The End of Nature, co-founder, 350.org
When a well started spewing oil off Santa Barbara in 1969, it spurred the first Earth Day, which in turn launched the environmental movement and a fundamental questioning of the balance between humans and the rest of nature. It turned out, in other words, to be a real Moment.
It makes one wonder if there really shouldn’t be a little more depth to the endless coverage of the Deepwater Horizon blowout in the Gulf. (Which, just to be semantic for a moment, isn’t really a “spill,” or a “leak,” unless you’d also call a knife wound a “bloodspill,” or a gunshot to the carotid a “bloodleak.” BP has punched a hole in the bottom of the sea.)
Yes, the obvious story is important: There’s oil spewing out, BP has demonstrated infuriating nonchalance, shrimpers are watching the sheen wash up on the coastal marshes, etc. This all needs to be covered, and is being covered with the incredible agonizing boredom that only 24-hour cable channels can bring to any issue.
And there’s a “political angle,” which as usual has been about atmospherics. Is Obama angry enough? Is he connecting with “real people”? This sort of thing is conventional good fun for political reporters (especially when Obama plays along, announcing he’s consulting with various academics in order to see “whose ass needs kicking.”). But isn’t there something more? Isn’t this potentially a Moment too?
Let’s think about the stories that are suggested by this trouble.
One has something to do with peak oil. BP has gone to all this trouble for a well that taps into what they now think may be 100 million barrels of oil. And that’s… five days supply for the U.S? Does that give you any sense of the precariousness of the arrangements under-girding our economy right at the moment?
Another — even more important — has to do with global warming. Let’s assume that the oil from the Deepwater Horizon made it safely onshore and was refined and then burned in the gas tank of your car. What then? Well, the CO2 in the atmosphere would be doing at least as much damage as the oil spreading across the Gulf. Consider the following things that have happened since the Deepwater exploded:
* Asia and Southeast Asia have each recorded their hottest temperatures ever — 129 degrees in Pakistan, and 117 in Burma. India is having the worst heatwave since the British started keeping records — people are dying by the hundreds.
* We’ve seen the biggest rainstorms ever recorded in lots of places, from Nashville to Guatemala — the clear result of an atmosphere made 5% wetter because warm air holds more water vapor than cold.
* Satellite data has shown that Arctic ice is now melting even faster than in the record year of 2007.
* NASA has released new statistics showing that the past 12 months were the warmest on record and that 2010 is almost certain to set the title for the warmest calendar year yet.
All of these, it seems to me, could be considered parts of the Deepwater Horizon story because they demonstrate that fossil fuel is everywhere dirty. They change the political question from “is Obama angry enough” to “can Obama lead a credible fight for real energy and climate legislation?” More to the point, they connect with the mood of existential despair and anger that the oil spill has set off across the country. People are sad and bitter only in part because they see those pelicans oiled; mostly, they sense correctly that our leaders have yet to deal with what is clearly the biggest problem we face: the transition off of fossil fuels.
The questions that the Gulf spill raises, in other words, go well beyond: How big an idiot is Tony Hayward? What will happen to the tourist economy of the Gulf? How cool is James Cameron’s minisub? The questions are more like: How out of balance with the natural world are we? And what would it require to get back in balance?
You’d need to interview not just oil execs and colorful shrimpers, but nature writers, solar pioneers and psychologists.
There’s nothing pat about what’s going on in the Gulf. It’s the most vivid sign we’ve yet had that we are running into the kind of limits that people started talking about way back at that first Earth Day. But its meaning risks disappearing beneath the endless stories about Top Hat and Junk Shot. BP’s great victory will come if it need merely confess to technical overreach and pay a few billion in fines — if that happens, it can get back to making serious money, and the planet can get back to burning.